Birds

大園棕夜鷺.Nankeen Night Heron@Dayuan.2018/10/21

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棕夜鷺外型與一般常見的夜鷺近似,只是翅羽顏色由藍變成棕紅色而已,習性也幾乎完全一樣,一般而言東南亞比較能夠見到棕夜鷺,台灣則是屬迷鳥級,幾年才出現一次。不過因為牠出沒時間、地點相當固定,只要在台灣發現,通常都能被紀錄到,因此影像紀錄相當普遍,就沒覺得牠很稀少了。

大園湖底埤在2018年中出現這一羽棕夜鷺,迄今已超過一年了,而且停棲位置相當靠近道路,算是全台鳥人都有拍到的一羽個體,學名:Nycticorax caledonicus

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大園黑面琵鷺.Black-faced Spoonbill@Dayuan.2018/10/21

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黑面琵鷺、灰面鵟鷹紅尾伯勞是台灣保育史上相當重要的物種,灰面鵟鷹與紅尾伯勞牽涉到不當獵捕行為的限制,黑面琵鷺則是棲地保育(曾文溪口濕地)的起始,灰面鵟鷹與紅尾伯勞在群群數量還是相當多的,但黑面琵鷺族群數量則僅約4000隻(2018年全球普查數字為3941隻,台灣有2195隻),相當稀少。

在台灣固定的棲地有高雄茄萣濕地、台南四草魚塭、嘉義布袋、鰲鼓濕地等,因地緣關係,應該是數個大族群在各濕地間移動,宜蘭則有約20羽個體度冬,應與南部群族有別,近年有鳥友於濕地進行放流魚補充食物的作法,每每吸引黑面琵鷺到來歡快地進食。

另外新竹金城湖則於秋、春過境時會有不少黑面琵鷺在此打尖,停留數日至數週不等,而淡水河口(八里挖仔尾)、金山清水濕地等則有少量過境族群,大園近年亦偶有發現,應屬路過性質。

重要特徵就是湯匙般的勺狀嘴喙羽色白、腳黑,離台前不少個體會轉成夏羽,頭頂有黃色飾羽胸口、脖子也有黃色羽毛,更顯獨特.學名:Platalea minor

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野柳黃尾鴝.Daurian Redstart@Yehliu.2018/10/20

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黃尾鴝是我拍鳥以一直很喜歡的鳥種,首見應該是在去日本旅遊時見到(那時才對剛對拍鳥有興趣),沒想到在台灣還算是常見的冬候鳥,曾經為牠遠赴台中拍攝,也有好幾年在南海學園與牠培養感情,這兩年雖然沒再找尋固定的拍攝點,不過有見到牠時都會很開心,盡量拍攝,這是在拍攝琉球歌鴝時來客串的,還是很吸引我。

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白腹琉璃.Blue-and-white Flycatcher@Yehliu.2018/10/20

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白腹琉璃的英名很好玩,就是藍白鶲(Blue-and-white Flycatcher),公鳥上半身藍色(臉部藍黑色),帶有金屬光澤,腹部白,是乾淨的藍白組合,相當漂亮,雌鳥則為欖褐色系,在台灣常見到公亞成鳥,身體如母鳥般的欖褐色,雙翅則為藍色,在台灣有留鳥黃腹琉璃,公鳥腹部為橘黃色,其餘羽色則與白腹琉璃相近。

習性如同一般鶲鳥,有定點棲息伺機捕捉昆蟲的行為,在台灣多為過境性質,學名:Cyanoptila cyanomelana

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野柳的柳鶯.Leaf warbler@Yehliu.2018/10/20

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柳鶯很多物種外觀極相似,又很好動,所以拍不好,因為拍不好,想從拍到的畫面來辨識牠的種類也更增難度,野柳海角一號廁所前羅漢松出現黃眉柳鶯及黃腰柳鶯,換了一些照片也搞不清楚到底拍的是那一種,或許兩種都有,分不出來,請見諒。

黃眉柳鶯學名:Phylloscopus inornatus,黃腰柳鶯學名:Phylloscopus proregulus

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